Photos of Auschwitz-Birkenau (Oswiecim)

The concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau was a complex of various concentration camps, medical experimentation and mass extermination of prisoners, built by Nazi regime after Germany's invasion of Poland in 1939, in the beginning of the Second World war. The names by which the field is known today are German translation of the original in Polish Oswiecim and Brzezinka (localities where they built the field). It was the largest killing center in the history of Nazism, which is estimated to have been killed between 1 and 1.5 million people, most of them Jews, as well as Slavs, Gypsies and prisoners of war. As one of the city's most symbolic Holocaust or Shoah, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1979. It is located about 45 km. west of Krakow, making it one of the most popular tours for tourists traveling to the capital of the Lesser Poland (Malopolska). Castellano

Entrada a Auschwitz Alambrada y módulos Alambrada Auschwitz Halt Alambrada Auschwitz

There were three main camps: Auschwitz I, the original concentration camp which served as the administrative center for the whole complex; in this area killed about 70,000 Polish intellectuals and Soviet POWs. Auschwitz II (Birkenau), an extermination camp and the place where it is estimated that killed more than 1 million people. Auschwitz III (Buna - Monowitz), used as slave labor camp for the IG Farben company. Auschwitz I was the administrative center of the entire complex. It was founded in May 1940, from brick barracks of the Polish army. The first occupants were 728 Polish political prisoners from Tarnów. The camp was initially used to detain members of the Polish resistance and intellectuals, later also led Soviet POWs, homosexuals German and common prisoners. During a visit to several of the pavilions can see how daily life was like in the field and what the prisoners were receiving treatment.

Maletas de prisioneros Gas Zyklon B Retratos de prisioneras Retratos de prisioneros Crematorio de Auschwitz

Alambrada Birkenau Vía de entrada a Birkenau Torre vigilancia Birkenau Vagón de prisioneros

Auschwitz II (Birkenau) is the camp that most people know as Auschwitz. There were imprisoned hundreds of thousands of Jews who were also executed, as well as tens of thousands of Gypsies. The camp is located approximately 3 km from Auschwitz I. Construction began in 1941 as part of the Endlosung (final solution). Fields, like the entire complex, were fenced and surrounded by barbed wire and electric fences. The main objective of the field was not as workforce housing prisoners (as was the case of Auschwitz I and III), but their extermination. To meet this objective, the field was equipped with four crematoria with gas chambers.

Placa monumento Barracón Birkenau Barracón Birkenau Vista aérea 2nd WW